annual: Adjective for one thing that occurs yearly.
Antarctica: A continent largely coated in ice, which sits within the southernmost a part of the world.
Atlantic: One of many world’s 5 oceans, it’s second in dimension solely to the Pacific. It separates Europe and Africa to the east from North and South America to the west.
common: (in science) A time period for the arithmetic imply, which is the sum of a bunch of numbers that’s then divided by the dimensions of the group.
local weather: The climate circumstances that usually exist in a single space, normally, or over an extended interval.
local weather change: Lengthy-term, important change within the local weather of Earth. It could possibly occur naturally or in response to human actions, together with the burning of fossil fuels and clearing of forests.
erode: Gradual elimination of soil or stone, attributable to the movement of water or the motion of winds.
glacier: A slow-moving river of ice lots of or 1000’s of meters deep. Glaciers are present in mountain valleys and in addition type elements of ice sheets.
Nice Lakes: A system of 5 interconnected lakes — Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario — the Nice Lakes represent the biggest freshwater supply on this planet (primarily based on floor space). They maintain an estimated 6 quadrillion gallons of water, or a few fifth of the world’s recent floor water. To present some perspective on that quantity, the lakes’ water would, if unfold evenly, cowl the 48 touching U.S. states to a depth of about 2.9 meters (9.5 ft) deep.
Greenland: The world’s largest island, Greenland sits between the Arctic Ocean and North Atlantic. Though it’s technically a part of North America (sitting simply east of Northern Canada), Greenland has been linked extra politically to Europe. Certainly, Vikings arrived in Greenland across the 10th century, and for a time the island was a colony of Denmark. In June 2009, Greenland turned an impartial nation. Ice covers roughly 80 % of Greenland. Certainly, the Greenland ice sheet is the world’s largest. If its frozen water have been to soften, it may increase sea ranges world wide by 6 meters (about 20 ft). Though that is the 12th greatest nation (primarily based on floor space), Greenland averages the fewest individuals per sq. kilometer of its floor space.
ice sheet: A broad blanket of ice, typically kilometers deep. Ice sheets at present cowl most of Antarctica. An ice sheet additionally blankets most of Greenland. Over the past glaciation, ice sheets additionally coated a lot of North America and Europe.
mass: A quantity that reveals how a lot an object resists rushing up and slowing down — principally a measure of how a lot matter that object is made out of.
meltwater: The water that comes from melting ice. The portions could be massive and present up rapidly when it comes from melting glaciers, ice sheets and snow-capped mountains.
satellite tv for pc: A moon orbiting a planet or a automobile or different manufactured object that orbits some celestial physique in area.
sea: An ocean (or area that’s a part of an ocean). In contrast to lakes and streams, seawater — or ocean water — is salty.
sea stage: The general stage of the ocean over all the globe when all tides and different short-term adjustments are averaged out.
viscous: (n. viscosity) Adjective referring to one thing that’s thick, sticky and onerous to pour. Molasses and maple syrup are two examples of viscous liquids.